Word Classes[ORG 4.1]
How much do you know about word classes (parts of speech)? Choose the best options. The first answer is I a.
1 We divide words into (a) two (b) three (c) four broad categories, depending on whether these classes are relatively fixed or constantly changing.
2 Closed word classes (a) have important grammatical functions (b) often get new words added (c) consist largely of 'lexical' words.
3 The closed classes include (a) full verbs and modal verbs (b) primary and full verbs (c) primary and modal verbs.
4 The open classes (a) are constantly gaining new words (b) include mainly 'grammatical' words (c) include all verbs.
5 The terms 'generic' and 'specific' are applied to the meaning of (a) adverbial phrases (b) noun phrases (c) prepositional phrases.
6 The terms 'marked' and 'unmarked' relate to (a) inflection only (b) meaning only (c) both inflection and meaning.
7 Stative verbs (a) are mainly used in the passive (eg: to be horn) (b) are rarely used in progressive tenses (eg: belong, know, own) (c) show a lack of motion (eg: lie, rest, sit).
8 A pro-form is (a) a special kind of pronoun (b) any word or phrase that refers to another expression without repeating it (c) a cover term for both pronouns and determiners.
9 Operator means (a) a finite verb phrase (eg: could have forgotten) (b) the auxiliaries in a verb phrase (. ..could have forgotten) (c) the first or only auxiliary (....could have forgotten).
10 Non-assertive applies to certain words that are restricted in use to (a) negative questions (b) negative statements and questions (c) negative statements.