Speech Physiology


airstream: pulmonic egressive
 
Tongue body > dorsal
Tongue tip > apical
Nasal cavity > nasal
Teeth > dental
Lips > labial
Corona > coronal
Alveolum > alveolar
Palate > palatal
Velum > velar
Uvula > uvular
Glottis > glottal
Larynx > laryngeal
Pharynx > pharyngeal
 
 
airstream not interrupted > sonorants
> vowels
> nasals
> approximants
 
airstream obstructed > obstruants
airstream stopped > stops
bilabial , oral and nasal stops
alveolar , oral and nasal stops
velar , oral and nasal stops
glottal stops
 
airstreeam restricted > fricatives
labio-dental
(inter)dental
alveolar
glottal
 
airsteeam stopped,then released with friction > affricates
alveolar/palatal
 
airstream hindered > approximants
by tongue > laterals, > retroflex, rhotic
by tongue and teeth, +.. > front glide
by lips, + .. > back glide
 

 

Reader: Hudson, ch 2, Read it

p. 39. Do Ex. 8, 9