Aspect [ORG 11.4]
Aspect is a grammatical label that covers progressive and perfect.
Progressive and perfect tenses look at time in a special way.
Time and tense [ORG 11.4]
Although verb tenses often refer to time - real time in the world - time and tense are not the same. Tense is a grammatical category, with various kinds of grammatical meaning. So present and past tenses do not always refer to present and past time.
Exercise 26: Present simple tense: what time? [ORG 11.5.2]
The simple present tense can refer to present, past and future time:
I prefer a quiet life. They live in Scotland. [Present state -S]
I usually travel by train. He never takes a holiday. [Habit - H]
I regret to say ... [Instantaneous - I]
I hear you have got engaged. [Past- 'I heard recently' - P]
When do you begin your new job? Come and see us next time you are in town. [Future - F]
Decide which kind of time the present tenses in the following refer to, and mark them S(tate), H(abit), I(nstantaneous), P(ast) or F(uture).
Example: I like work. (S).
I (1) am told that you (2) organize summer 'environment' camps for people to help
with conservation work, and I (3) write to ask for further details.
I normally (4) work in my vacation and I particularly (5) like the idea of working in the countryside.
Could you please let me know:
- where these camps usually (6) take place,
- when this year's camps (7) start,
- whether the current programme (8) continues to the end of the year, and also - I (9) apologize for asking, but I am a student - whether volunteers (10) receive any pocket money?
I (11) enclose a stamped addressed envelope for your reply, and (12) look forward to hearing from you. I (13) hope very much that you still (14) have vacancies for this year, and I will of course let you know as soon as possible whatever I (15) decide.